The purpose will be stated in the introduction of the topic, as well as in the abstract of a paper, if one is required. It is not uncommon to read an abstract that makes the statement –The Purpose of this paper is ….
The statement of the purpose of the research paper, as well as the inclusion of an abstract, are both style criteria determined by the research reporting style required of you by your instructor. Be certain that you are adhering to the instructions given to you by your instructor. There are many different style manuals of research. Each one provides the writer with guidelines for writing, and many fields prefer particular style guides.
For instance, English instructors prefer the Modern Language Association (MLA), and Psychology instructors prefer the American Psychological Association style guide (APA) (APA, 2014; Hacker, 1998). The guides provide writers with information concerning such things as margin setting, the writing of citations, references, and accreditations. All research papers require that you have either a
reference section, also known as works cited page, or a bibliography page.
The APA style guide requires that a research paper have a reference sheet (Borst, 1997; Ellsworth & Higgins, 2001; Hacker, 1998; Thaiss & Sanford, 2000; Weinbroer, 2001). A reference sheet is a list of all the articles cited in the text of the paper. If a work is not cited, it does not belong on the reference sheet. A bibliography page is a listing of the articles or books that are read or consulted when researching a research topic. These books or articles may or may not be cited in the body of the paper.
You know how you want your paper to look because you planned it out, you read the instructions, and you consulted the appropriate style guide. You have selected your quotes, created an out line or topical layout for your paper and focused your paper around a narrow theme. Having completed these tasks, you now proceed with the writing of your paper.
Once you complete it, rewrite it, check it for errors, and read it out loud. Ask a friend to check it for errors. Rewrite it again and then with the knowledge you have done all you were suppose to do, turn it in on time. You picked the topic, conducted the research, wrote the paper and learned it was not so frightening after all.