According to Borst (1997), not citing work is the mistake that student writers make which costs them the most points on their papers. An author’s work can be quoted directly.
“If you quote, paraphrase, or summarize a specific fact or idea from a source, cite in your text the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page from which the material came” (Ellsworth & Higgins, 2001, p56).
Depending on which discipline that you are writing the paper for, it may
not be necessary to use quotation marks. Thaiss and Sanford (2000) state that when writing Psychology papers, if the quote is fewer than 40 words, use quotation marks and give the page number.
For longer quotes, 40 words or more, place the author’s name at the beginning of the quote, the page number at the end and separate the quote from the text by indenting five spaces from the left margin (Thaiss & Sanford, 2000). Also, according to Ellsworth and Higgins (2001) if it is not a specific fact but a general statement about an entire article paraphrase it and mention the author’s last name and the year the article was published in the text.
Now that all of the information is gathered, the fun part begins.
It is time to write the research paper. The topic is chosen, the research is gathered and now it is time to organize and construct the information into a reader friendly document. Planning can make the actual writing of the paper
the easiest part of the process. Hacker (1998) suggests that you start with a plan.
Creating an outline is one way of planning a research paper. Grouping information into sub-categories or into topic sentences is another way to plan out the paper. When planning the paper, or predrafting, consider how you want the paper to look, what you want to tell the reader about the topic, and who will want to read the paper (Hacker, 1998; Ellsworth & Higgins, 2001; Thaiss &
Sanford, 2000; Weinbroer, 2001). According to Ellsworth & Higgins (2001), part of the planning process involves developing a focus, an overall theme or purpose of your paper.